The urinary tract or system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs below the ribs in the back of the torso. The kidney is the main filter of the body and thus performs many bodily functions, such as controlling fluid balance, regulating electrolytes (e.g., sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium) preventing acid buildup, eliminating waste products, producing urine and regulating blood pressure.
Your kidneys also manufacture a hormone called erythropoietin that stimulates the production of red blood cells continually. The kidneys keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood. Normally urine contains chemicals that prevent crystals from forming.
5 most common diagnosis of the kidney:
- Kidney, Renal or Ureteral Stones or Nephrolithiasis
- Cysts or Masses
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI’s)
For an alphabetical listing of all the urological conditions we treat click here.